As with any good social data-base, advice columns provide a useful entry into a much broader understanding of society. Almost invariably they were government employees with wages insufficient to meet their support roles. Indirectly, by showing the ease with which such problems could be solved, his actions highlighted the inadequacy of government organization. Instead they complained about personal relations among family members, especially those related to spousal obligations. The columns therefore in the s were already identifying points of personal stress and offering traditional social and religious solutions.
Although the letter-writers never linked their own problems directly to larger social and political trends, the columnists wrote in ways that showed they were aware of the trends. Both types of columnist, for example, embedded messages critical of extremists in their columns, taking an implicit rather than explicit approach out of fear of sparking the kinds of retaliation that were common at the time. The religious columnists had the most to lose in a competition for the hearts and minds of the religiously observant.
On one side, they had to project strict enough observance to compete with the radicals, while on the other they were careful not to offend.
An element of the tension that was intensifying in the s and is still present today was the disagreement between Al-Azhar and the government over Al-Azhar role in moderating extremism. The kernels of the dilemma were already visible in advice columns as Al-Azhar scholars tried to position themselves as the authentic voice of Islam without becoming simply a mouth piece for government policy. Then as now Al-Azhar weighs in on all controversial matters, and not surprisingly, as Al-Monitor reports, finds the recent youth-inspired ban on marriage un-Islamic.
November Palgrave Macmillan. Skip to content Skip to primary sidebar Egypt. Share Course Objectives: Inspired by the sustainable development goals - commonly known as global agenda , this one week course introduces participants to data for development, global data pressure and local statistics capacity to march current and emerging trends - tools, methods and practices in development measurements.
Course Objectives: You will learn the best way to gather and use evidence to influence legislators and other policymakers, to hold officials and corporations accountable for their actions, to change the behavior or methods of human service providers, or to increase public awareness. Course Content: What you will learn — the key topics.
Duration: 3 Weeks Course Objectives The overall objective of this 3 weeks course is to equip participants with skills, knowledge and attitude necessary for effective and systematic monitoring and evaluation of development programs and projects. Course Content Week Filter results. Call for Papers 4.
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International Development in Practice. Education Assistance in Egypt, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. Authors: Rugh, A. Free Preview. International Development in Practice: Education Assistance in Egypt, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. Book Author. Andrea B. Rugh. Reviewer. Mehran Mazinani.
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Katherine rated it really liked it May 10, The return to peace would not only benefit the Afghan people, but also their neighbours. Yet these informal mechanisms can also fail to protect basic rights, and the formal system has an important role to play going forward. This is, however, a suggestion for readers who wish to advance Rugh's research, rather than a critique of Rugh for what she has not done. While the political leadership may give the appearance of a viable structure and openness towards aid actors, its ability to ensure that military commanders and fighters on the ground adhere to its instructions is limited. They also suggest that experiences with one aid agency, whether positive or negative, are likely to influence views of aid agencies in general. Enlarge cover.
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